During the last decade, the acknowledgement of the social and environmental costs that are connected to transport and mobility patterns based on individual motorised traffic has been consolidated and the shift towards more sustainable mobility is reflected in the policy instruments for the current programming period. Walking and cycling, and active mobility in general, are being supported to cover shorter distances, as it is normally required in urban and functional urban areas. However, people switching to active mobility have to deal with severely inadequate conditions of walking and cycling infrastructure, often unaccessible, unsafe, discontinuous and not ensuring connections from point A to B. Their characteristics are completely different in the various countries, but differences are also between neighbouring cities, due to a general lack of standards in approaches and requirements recognised and applied in the EU. Local and regional administrations - taking advantage of the funds available - are now rushing in building walking and cycling facilities, but do not fully consider all factors influencing the decision on the characteristics that the infrustructure shall have and it urgent to act. CYCLEWALK MODE will provide an opportunity for the local and regional administrations involved to compare and share approaches and ensure more informed decision making process on walking and cycling infrastructure, with the result of increasing the share of active mobility and low carbon mobility. Through study visits, complemented with assessment walking and cycling tours, technical working tables with stakeholders, and the Urban Cycling Institute providing trainings and full technical and scientific advise to the technical offices and the regional experts and universities, the project will ensure taking up of quality criteria for proper walking and cycling infrastructure in the policy instruments and projects, implemented according to share standards.
ROP of Romania continues the strategic development vision of Romania, started in the previous programming periods. Among the development needs identified within the document, emphasis is put on the high level of GHG emissions and pollution generated by traffic in the urban areas.
ROP is supporting the development of cycling and walking infrastructures in urban areas within PA3, SO3.2 “Promoting the reduction of carbon emissions for all territories, particularly in the urban areas”, and PA4, SO4.1 “Reduction of carbon emissions in county capitals through investments based on sustainable urban mobility plans”. These objectives will be pursued through a series of actions, including the development of a cycling-friendly road infrastructure through investments targeting the construction/modernisation/rehabilitation of cycling paths/roads and its related infrastructure (rental points, parking facilities, etc.), and investments oriented to the creation of pedestrian areas and paths. An overall amount of 144M€ for PA3, and 98.2M€ for PA4 (code for the intervention field 090 “Cycle tracks and footpaths”) is allocated.
Even if SUMP is elaborated, this document is not defining the concrete measures to be taken to ensure the quality and safety of investments related to cycling and pedestrian infrastructures. The project aims to complement the SUMPs by identifying a set of recommendations, improving thus the impact and sustainability of the projects implemented through ROP.
The Urban Mobility Plan (UMP) of the Municipality of Olbia has been adopted by the local city council in 2015 with the aim to produce a long term mobility integrated mobility strategy for the Municipality, as a framework for the future hard and soft mobility measures and interventions.
The UMP represents a first step towards integrated mobility planning, and to decarbonise transport and improve quality of life, new political measures and investments are foreseen to ensure pedestrian and bicycle mobility, at least in occasion of restructuring or building new roads.
The prioritized investments, defined in section 6.2.2 of the UMP, are related to new cycling and walking paths on existing roads, for 20 km, as well as new cycling and walking infrastructure in parallel to building of new roads to connect new residential areas.
The UMP does not define quality criteria and indicators – which would be needed - in relation to the type of investment and characteristics of the infrastructure, but just “lists” type of possible interventions (page 182 of the UMP), even mixing up urban and recreational paths for trekking and mountain bike.
Through interregional cooperation, the city has a chance to acknowledge and learn and compare approaches and best practices ensuring that the interventions of the UMP are defined according to best practices and standards at EU level and that these will lead to effectively increase and improve walking and cycling within the urban area.
The INTERREG V A CBC Italy – Slovenia cooperation area shows several territorial development patterns closely linked to the characteristics of the socio-economical but also political context. One particular example is the urban agglomeration area comprised within the municipalities of Gorizia, Nova Gorica and Šempeter-Vrtojba whose entire development model has been based on the presence of a shared border. The 3 municipalities have decided to prepare jointly a territorial development strategy, based on an integrated approach, and, to fully exploit the opportunities offered by the shared EU context and framework, Gorizia, Nova Gorica and Šempeter-Vrtojba have set up, in February 2011, a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (GECT GO/EZTS GO) based in Gorizia and that is in charge for the implementation of the joint strategy.
The GECT GO/EZTS GO has approved a strategic plan selecting 3 pilot measures. The pilot action “Isonzo – Soča” exploits synergies between territorial development and urban mobility investing on a number of cycling and walking paths serving the three Municipalities and improving the accessibility to a restored area near the river that will become a cross-border park. Projects under the ITI will be strongly focused on infrastructure restoring and investments therefore there is a strong interest from GECT GO/EZTS GO to get the best knowledge in terms of European standards and best practices and translate them into the I.T.I. management documents
The Programme has a focus both on transport infrastructure and sustainable mobility covered by PA3 “Promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures”. In relation to the first, the programme aims at improve accessibility levels and increase capacity of the overall transport system by re-building and complementing missing elements of the cross-border road network, defining indicators such as: total length of newly /reconstructed or upgraded roads. Through CYCLEWALK MODE, the envisaged change aims at always take into account the specific requirements of cyclists and pedestrians in relation to projects implemented.
Concerning the 2nd focus, actions to be supported are i.e. actions that support use the bicycle for daily trips, e.g. preparation of joint strategies, concepts, action plans and small scale investments, for new and upgraded cycling infrastructure (cycle paths, parking facilities, etc.) closing existing gaps in the local, regional and cross-border cycling network and actions that improve mobility on the local level, e.g. for alternative mobility concepts (flexible public transport offers, car-sharing, etc.), walking, e-mobility. In this respect, through interregional cooperation, additional selection criteria including the necessity to involve the relevant target groups, the quality of the participatory process as well as sound methodologies to evaluate the impact of infrastructure projects will be taken up.
The POR FESR Sardegna 2014-20 identifies sustainable mobility as a priority within the low carbon strategy, above all for the cities of Cagliari, Sassari and Olbia, where the individual car still represents the first choice for mobility, and plans actions to promote alternative measures of low carbon mobility. The POR defines under PA 4 (IP 4-e) the SO 4.6: Increase of sustainable mobility in urban areas, where the need of mobility is paired with the need to increase quality of life in urban areas, thus, among other actions, it plans to influence the mobility behaviours of the users, also through direct involvement in the decision making process, in order also to reduce CO2 emissions and reduce the use of private car. Specifically, action 4.6.4: Development of necessary infrastructure to a low carbon mobility and charginghub, walking and cycling are strengthened through new and/or better accessible and safer infrastructure, with the aim of increasing the number of citizens opting for this mobility option. Under code 043, «infrastructure and promotion of clean urban transport» it allocates ca 12M €, and the code 090 «walking and cycling path» 3.5M €. Whilst the policy instrument defines 3 main urban areas in which to intervene for walking and cycling infrastructure, it is not specific in the levels of walkability and cyclability it would like to achieve, and does not specify criteria for the interventions, which is where this project would like to influence.
The main objective of the PA 4. (Promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energy production and use; 4.5 Carbon dioxide emission reduction strategies, promotion of sustainable mobility especially in urban areas, environmental damage mitigation) is to promote sustainable mobility and the development of environmentally friendly transport in order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
For the 2014-2020 programming period, the implementation of infrastructural measures and intelligent transport systems will help to reduce car congestion and improve the efficient use of cars. It will encourage residents to choose public transport for urban and suburban journeys and other sustainable transport solutions, such as cycling, walking and electric cars,. In order to lower the number of private cars sustainable mobility plans will be developed, in order to coordinate the development of transport infrastructure, increase its efficiency, coordinate the implementation of new transport services, promote multimodal journeys. This will help to change and shape citizen approach towards more sustainable mobility behaviour. It is also planned to use more alternative and less polluting fuel and thereby to reduce environmental pollution. During this period, it is expected to reduce CO2 generated by transport activities by 10%.
Through CYCLEWALKMODE, Vilnius Transport aims at improving the overall sustainable mobility approach and improve capacity to select efficient walking and cycling measures