LNG port facilities in Livorno aim to decrease CO2 emissions in the Mediterranean area by developing the first Mediterranean complete LNG distribution network.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is an alternative fuel emitting fewer pollutants such as CO2 or sulphur than conventional fuel. Therefore, LNG can give major contribution to reduce carbon emissions from maritime freight transportation, but also for passengers, ferry and cruise ships.
On one hand, ships are more environment-friendly than other transport modes. On the other hand, there is still issues with CO2 emissions and other pollutants, in particular when ships are inside a port. Almost all ports in the Mediterranean Sea are located at the heart of cities, with residential areas just on the waterfront. Sometimes answer is delocalisation, de-concentration of certain port activities outside the ancient port city and waterfront revitalisation. Nevertheless, very often there is no room for such interventions or it is not economically sustainable. LNG can propose solution, especially in the short-term.
Moreover, because Iso-Tank container is now an efficient and safe way to transport this fuel from the port to the hinterland or from port to port, LNG becomes an alternative fuel for port activities, road transport, industrial use and public utilities where gas distribution networks do not exist.
The stakeholders involve come from three spheres:
-Institutions at national level (Ministry of Transport and Ministry of Economic Development)
-Research centers (CNIT, LOGIT, University of Pisa, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, etc.)
-Industries (Softec, Eni, Higas, OLT, etc.).

Resources needed

Around 1 400 000€ for the three-year period 2017-2019.

Evidence of success

This practice proposes a short-term alternative to reduce CO2 and other pollutants in the Mediterranean area.
The Coordinator of the European Scandinavian Mediterranean Corridor already listed the port of Livorno among the EU core ports that will have LNG storage and refuelling facilities.
The Port of Livorno is using experiences gained through different projects such as GAINN Global Project, co-funded by Connecting Europe facility and pilot actions to develop new effective uses of LNG.

Difficulties encountered

The main difficulties concern the technical aspects for storage and refuelling systems and LNG market scenario. Other difficulties are related to the normative aspects and the definition of training skills.

Potential for learning or transfer

A port is a complex infrastructure, result of numerous activities and every port has its own features. It is very important to plan LNG within a wider framework because there is no need to have every kind of LNG facilities in every port. In this regards, France-Italy (Maritime) cooperation area is an example of complementarity geographically distributed elements. It is therefore interesting to exchange and learn from other ports or regions on how they develop their strategy toward LNG. Cooperation in planning, in defining service standards, in programming investments: this is the major challenge for ports especially in cross-border regions. It is also essential to improve the overall awareness about LNG, both at societal level, with public consultations, and at port community level, with specific actions for training and showcase new LNG uses. To do so, Livorno is building a facility network for training in LNG sector. This is yet another aspect to be shared through this good practice.

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Main institution
Livorno port authority
Toscana, Italy (Italia)
Start Date
January 2009
End Date


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Good Practices being followed by

Liviu Ionut Banescu

Regional Development Agency South Muntenia