Regional Law 17/2005 for the promotion of employment, quality, safety, regularity of work creates a virtuous relationship between profit & no profit companies
Italian National Law 68/1999 promotes the integration of disabled people into the labor market through targeted placement actions. Defined reserve shares are set for disabled people that the employer is obliged to respect otherwise he pays a fine. Many companies pay fines rather than comply with the obligations increasing the percentage of disabled not working. To tackle the problem, E-R Regional Government issued the law17/2005 "Rules for the promotion of employment, quality, safety and regularity of work". Thus, even people in particularly serious conditions can find a job in a concrete way thanks to an original conventional system that provides for their inclusion in social cooperatives. In practice, the company obliged to hire the disabled may for up to 30% not proceed with the insertion in the company if it outsources part of the activity towards a social cooperative that inserts for the precisely such workers. In this way, E-R Region tries to remedy the problem of non-compliance with the obligation to hire disabled people but also creates a link between profit companies and social cooperatives. The former instead of paying fines use the same money to outsource services to social cooperatives. The latter employ disabled people as their own mission, fulfill their recruitment obligations and benefit from an increase in activity and economic resources. Beneficiaries: disabled workers, social cooperatives, companies.
Actors: Public Administration, Associations, Trade Union

Resources needed

The intervention does not foresee costs. Staff resources for consultation among actors and stakeholders and process monitoring.

Evidence of success

At the date of 3/31/2017, in Emilia-Romagna, there were 262 agreements engaging 30 social cooperatives and 424 workers with severe disabilities have benefited from it. The turnover generated is around 6.9 million euros.
From Social Enterprises point of view: “Creating a network between the productive system and social cooperation means creating new jobs for the most vulnerable citizens and increasing social cooperation from a qualitative point of view”

Difficulties encountered

Impact on SE growth is significant both in terms of quantity (turnover) & in terms of quality, as the activities/services required by companies often need high standards. Weakness concerns the problem that Employment Centers should take into account that employee must have a minimum working capacity

Potential for learning or transfer

Law 17/2005 allows companies and social cooperatives to enter new market segments with a triple result: face social challenge of severely disabled people in finding a job; guarantee the compliance with a National Law;strengthen social enterprises’ competitiveness. European states approach the placement of people with disabilities differently: some countries have mandatory quotas (Italy, Spain, Germany, France), others (Ireland, the Netherlands, United Kingdom) do not. However, the placement of disabled people represents a common challenge for both social cohesion and competitive growth. The activity of orchestrating that takes place within the Regional Tripartite Commission between beneficiaries and stakeholders - who together with the E-R Region have agreed a Framework Convention within law 17/2005 - represents a transferable model. It can be applied in different contexts providing a wider correspondence between needs of end users and responses provided by the Public Administration

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Main institution
Emilia-Romagna region
Emilia-Romagna, Italy (Italia)
Start Date
August 2005
End Date


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