In Italy, Rome Municipality made waste management plans mandatory for private works, also for small ones producing a maximum of 30 m3 of non-hazardous C&D waste
The initiative taken by Rome Municipality was triggered by the problem of frequent illegal disposal of C&D inert waste on the municipal territory, mainly by small construction companies escaping the control of the waste tracking systems, mandatory only for larger companies
In order to stop fly-tipping of inert waste, since 2016 Rome Municipality has made waste management plans mandatory for all private works, also the small ones producing a maximum of 30 m3 of non-hazardous C&D waste, in a simplified form. A “Waste Production Declaration” must be produced together with the request of building permit/authorisation for maintenance before the works begin. This obligation entails the early estimation of the C&D waste to be produced during the works, as in proper pre-demolition audits. In fact, the Declaration must include a list of the envisaged waste fractions, of the relative weight/volume, and the identification of the recycling facilities to which the waste will be delivered. At the end of works, all certifications demonstrating that waste was transported/recycled/disposed of correctly must be presented to the Municipal Offices. The stakeholders involved in the practice are private contractors, architects/engineers in charge of producing the estimation of C&D waste that needs to be inserted in the “Waste Production Declaration”, as well as the construction companies that need to prove that the waste has been disposed of accordingly with the waste management plans’ previsions
The policy was set up by the Environmental Protection Department of Rome Municipality with no aditional costs. From the private contractors a greater commitment is required from professionals who draw up building projects, who must produce and verify the implementation of the waste management plan.
Evidence of success
The mandatory “Waste Production Declaration (WPD)” in all private works ensures the traceability also of small quantities of CDW, contributing to stop its fly-tipping. This represent a good practice because it extends the control over the production of CDW in a widespread manner, thus also allowing to intercept the quantities of waste that also escape the total count of waste produced. Since the adoption of Deliberation n. 100/2016 Rome has managed to collect the “WPD” in all interventions.
The simple identification of waste typologies to be produced, though important, might not correspond to a real maximization of reuse and recycling, since in private works, no recovery target has been fixed.
Potential for learning or transfer
This practice could be interesting for other regions because the collection of data on the typology of C&D waste allows the assessment of the types, volumes and weights of C&D waste produced can be useful not just at the aim of stopping fly-tipping phenomena, but also for local statistics that can be used as a basis for planning the use of waste such as a secondary source.
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