RETROFIT, a National Regulation which allows to regenerate the thermal propulsion system of vehicles with electric propulsion systems.
All motor vehicles with 4 wheels, built for the transport of people or goods can be regenerated through the National Law called “Retrofit” (Decree of 1st December of 2015 n. 219, in force since January 1st, 2016). It is an Energy Regeneration System for Electric Vehicles, addressed to the international categories of M1, M1G, M2, M2G, M3, M3G, N1, and N1G, originally registered as vehicles at combustion engine.
The novelty of this legislation and its advantages consist in switching existing vehicles from thermal systems to fully electric systems. Before such a Regulation people had to necessarily buy a new vehicle. Therefore, the impact of this National Regulation is of considerable importance: the beneficiaries are private and public stakeholders who want to invest for modernization of their fleet at an affordable cost, thereby facilitating the transition to electric vehicles.
The results of the RETROFIT regulation: exemption of road tax for five years; 50% of the reduction in the price of the insurance policy; Access free to the Limited Traffic Zones. The electric car conversion costs approx. from 5,000 to 20,000 euros (depending on the vehicle type), comprehensive of: Cost of work (dismantling of the petrol or diesel engine, radiator, exhaust pipes and cooling and replacing them with electric motor, rechargeable batteries, network interface; Installation electronic components); Cost of the retrofit kit, according to the type and brand of the vehicle to be converted.

Resources needed

To convert a car with a battery up to 100 km, approx 6,000 euros are neeeded. Its cost per kilometer is one-fifth of a conventional car. But the real saving comes from the reduced operating and maintenance costs compared to a combustion engine.

Evidence of success

A recent tangible result of the new Legislation is the Reborn project (June 2016), arisen from the initiative of Crafts Confederation of Treviso and Vicenza, and through a network of small businesses of car-repair sectors - electromechanical - engineering industry, aimed at the development of technological innovation in the field of used car recovery and electric vehicles, as well as the development of a network of specialized automobile repair shops in the transformation to electric vehicles.

Difficulties encountered

The primary challenge tackled is to reduce harmful emissions in the environment produced by road vehicles with a traditional thermal engine. Conversions for commercial vehicles are particularly advantageous since there is an economic return in the short term. Ensuring a life span of 2 million Km.

Potential for learning or transfer

The first car prototype was a Fiat Panda. Born with an internal combustion engine, it was reborn with a "heart" electric, retaining all the features and original equipment. The final result is a car, on the go, very quiet (only produces a puff instead of the usual noise), very cheap, which runs about 100 km at a cost of about 2/3 Euros.
A market research was carried out by the craftsmen of Vicenza and Treviso: the new electric cars have achieved remarkable technical performance and autonomy, but they are still too expensive or even impossible to buy. And to this type of potential customers who Reborn is addressed to, offering retrofitted electric cars, efficient, zero emissions and zero fuel consumption.
It is an opportunity for the craftsmen: the transformation can take place in a normal automobile repair shop. This is the added value of RETROFIT. It represents a good opportunity for the development of the economy of the EU countries and for the environment preservation.

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Main institution
Ministry for infrustructures and transport
Abruzzo, Italy (Italia)
Start Date
January 2016
End Date


Giorgio Scavino Please login to contact the author.