Cultural Parks are an original legislative figure of heritage management with two main scopes: Preserving and developing the territories
Cultural Parks group different territories in the Aragon Region delimited with a physical framework of unique landscape and/or ecological value.
These geographical areas contain relevant elements of the Cultural and Natural Heritage, listed in an inventory of resources, which have global conservation and promotion as a whole, with special protection measures for relevant elements.
To be included in Cultural Park legal figure allow these territories to have an institutional unified figure to develop the management of all cultural and natural resources in a comprehensive and integrated manner, with inter-administrative coordination and its own management bodies, involving both public administrations and private entities.
This legal figure is developed in the law 12/1997 which has a double intention: Preserve the cultural and landscape aspects of the territory and promote socio-economically the municipalities involved.
To achieve these purposes, the following objectives are developed:
Protect, conserve and disseminate the Cultural Heritage and, where appropriate, the Natural Heritage.
Promote the cultural and tourist dissemination of its values, promote cultural, pedagogical and scientific activities.
Develop a comprehensive and integrated inter-administrative coordination policy, making the resources profitable.
Contribute to land use planning, correcting socioeconomic imbalances, and adequate distribution of land uses.
Promote sustainable rural development

Resources needed

Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural
Other departments
(urban planning, environment, industry, tourism. . . )

Evidence of success

Collaboration between stakeholders:
Inter-administrative Coordination, Promotion of public and private initiatives, Profitability of resources and investments, local business networking cooperation. Restoration & increase of Cultural Heritage knowledge, Implementation of a heritage management model, based on equipment, routes and informative actions. Creation of different cultural infrastructures. Generation of employment. Raising awareness and increasing self-esteem of the local people.

Difficulties encountered

Permanent awareness-raising work for local entities.
Risk of instrumentalisation of management bodies.
Qualification of managers.
Uncoordinated actions, reiteration of actions.
Tendency to the proliferation of similar infrastructures.
Need to train the population and the managers

Potential for learning or transfer

Cultural park is a legal figure that allows the management under a single legal form of various cultural and natural resources of the territory.
The creation of Cultural Parks has become a model of territorial planning under an unified legal figure of management, which has fostered the approach of cultural heritage to Society, structuring and generating a complete network of facilities, infrastructures and centers, of diverse themes, for presentation and dissemination of the main values of its territory, being a fundamental socio-economic development engine for its population. This legal figure could be inspiring for other regions in order to have an administrative tool to developing their cultural heritage management in a in a regulated legislative framework that allows coordinating actions of different stakeholders.
At present, at the request of several territories, the creation of two other cultural parks in Aragon is being studie
Main institution
Regional Government of Aragón
Aragón, Spain (España)
Start Date
December 1997
End Date


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