The process of creating a Biodistrict of the Bolognese Apennines for the regeneration of agriculture in the area.
The Local Development Strategy developed by the GAL Appennino Bolognese is based on the desire to make the hilly-mountainous territory competitive, attractive and usable, through the creation of an integrated development system, based on the promotion of sustainable tourism and the enhancement of the agri-food quality supply chains. Small and micro businesses can be push in the position to compete on an equal level with other geographical areas, enhancing their specificities and their most appealing aspects: naturalness, landscape, quiet, healthiness, uncontaminated environments. From these needs it was born the need for a project capable of generating economic circularity and obtaining lasting and self-generating results. The identified operating instrument is the institution of a Biological District: an innovative synergic system of a geographic area suited to organic farming where farmers, citizens, tour operators, institutions, associations and public administrations follow the agreement for the sustainable management of local resources, starting from organic production and consumption model (short chain, purchasing groups, bio public canteens). In the Biodistrict, the promotion of organic products is combined with the promotion of the territory and its peculiarities, to achieve a comprehensive economic, social and cultural development. The project has two phases: Feasibility study; Application for the recognition of the territory in the Biological District.

Resources needed

Phase I: € 38,569.60 for study, analysis, coordination and communication activities.
Phase II: €55,780.40 to prepare the application for the Biological District, animation and communication.

Evidence of success

The Project allowed to determine the real feasibility of the District, in order to determine its potential economic impact and to verify the interest of the territory.
In this regard, we have received the participation of over 20 municipalities and 150 companies in this initiative.

Difficulties encountered

The greatest difficulty was to synthesize the different needs of the various factors involved, as well as to stimulate collaboration between the partners. Furthermore, as the reference legislation is evolving, the criteria and characteristics of Bio district must also be updated from time to time.

Potential for learning or transfer

The project is easily replicable in other realities because it is an operating model based on bottom up and inclusiveness. Moreover, this initiative took its cue from a similar project already carried out in the Liguria region for the establishment of the Biodistrict of the Val di Vara. This operating method was also used for drafting and implementing our Local Action Plan and to allow the creation of a mixed public-private network capable of developing under implementation projects for the benefit of the communities.

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Main institution
Local Action Group (LAG) Bolognese Apennines
Emilia-Romagna, Italy (Italia)
Start Date
January 2019
End Date


Valeria Stacchini Please login to contact the author.