The National Strategy for Research and Innovation (SNCDI), assimilated to a national S3, is an umbrella document for all the regional S3s further on developed i
The present National Strategy for Research and Innovation (SNCDI), assimilated to a national S3, has been elaborated and implemented by the Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI), a public institution with legal personality, subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Research (MEC), The alignment of S3 developed by UEFISCDI at national level and the RIS3 strategy developed in the North-West Region addresses the S3 multi-level governance. At the national level, SNCDI focuses on identifying those emerging technologies with a transformation role on the areas of smart specialization and developing the advanced capabilities around these technologies. The stake, at national level, is for these capabilities to generate and disseminate innovative solutions.At regional level, RIS3 strategies promote priorities in line with the results of the entrepreneurial discovery process.
UEFISCDI is presently developing the National Strategy for Research, Innovation and Smart Specialization 2021-2027 (SNCISI) for NUTS0 level, permanently consulting the representatives of NUTS2 level, namely the Regional Development Agencies. A strong multi-level cooperation is not only possible, but it is actually required by the enabling conditions imposed by the European Union in order to access funding resources from structural funds in 2021-2027 European programming period.

Resources needed

SNCDI was developed by a consortium of 14 organizations with RDI profile and with the contribution of 150 other organizations (academic environment, economic environment and public authorities).
Over 4,000 specialists were consulted directly or online, on a voluntary basis.

Evidence of success

The S3 domains identified at national level by this national smart specialisation strategy SNCDI are eligibility criteria for the currently running Competitiveness Operational Program, Axis 1 "RDI in support of economic competitiveness and business development" and for the Regional Operational Program, Axis 1 “Promoting Technological Transfer”, in this latter case being complemented by the S3 domains identified in RIS3 from each region.

Potential for learning or transfer

This good practice addresses the alignment of S3 between territorial scales, namely NUTS0 and NUTS2 levels, the current National Smart Specialization Strategy complementing the regional S3 in Romania,
Moreover, taking into account the fact that “Good governance of national or regional smart specialization strategy” is an "enabling condition" for accessing the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) supporting the Policy Objective 1 “A smarter Europe (innovative & smart economic transformation)” of the European cohesion policy 2021-2027, this multilevel approach of S3, - at national and regional level -, should fulfill on time the required enabling condition. Understanding which policy is suitable for each level is a challenging issue.
Consequently, it can be interesting for all project partners in view of preparing the next programming period 2021-2027.
Main institution
UEFISCDI (Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation)
Bucureşti - Ilfov, Romania (România)
Start Date
June 2014
End Date


Cristina David Please login to contact the author.