Drinking straws made from wheat, great alternative to plastic ones. With no added chemicals, also suitable for hot drinks, never soggy and fully compostable.
It is probably hard to imagine that something so small as the straw can be one of the greatest pollutants on the Earth! On average 36,5 billion straws are used in Europe causing not only pollution, but a great amount of carbon dioxide emissions for their production. Moreover, in 2018 the EP voted on the "ban on disposable plastic products", so from 2021 all MS are obliged to introduce a ban on the sale of single-use plastic items.
Even though many “biodegradable” alternatives have been marketed recently, it is often misunderstood that they can be composted or can break down naturally.
SLAMka concentrates its efforts in finding a user- and environmental-friendly solution. It produces straws made from wheat stems – an elegant zero-chemical solution which does no harm the environment and production emissions are nearly zero. Wheat straws are made by using renewable sources, they fully degrade in a natural way even when thrown in the back yard. They are suitable for restaurants and bars, for big events and for home use as well, they are stable, environmentally friendly and at a competitive price in comparison to the plastic ones.
Some of the greatest advantages of the wheat straws:
- Fully compostable, even at home;
- Do not get wet like paper alternatives;
- Durable even in hot drinks;
- Secondary product – basically made from non-usable plant waste;
- No added chemicals;
- High level of hygiene;
- Reusable at home;
- Gluten free;
- Stimulate circular economy.

Resources needed

SLAMka has not received any external funding. The micro-enterprise has invested around 2000 EUR own funds - rental space for material processing, transportation, machine development, packaging and web-site design, marketing materials and advertisement. It engages 2 employees.

Evidence of success

SLAMka currently presents on the market two straw diameters and has optimized the production line for 20 000 straws/month. Its customer database consists from more than 40 customers, mainly big restaurants and bars, 4 from them regular ones. It has also started an export to Greece. SLAMka is an eco-activist for environmental-friendly initiatives, ideas and way of living, collaborating with bloggers and social media, participating in eco-events and investing efforts in creating an eco-network.

Difficulties encountered

It seems that more and more people and businesses are aware with the problems caused by the generation of huge amounts of plastic waste. Thus, they are seeking for alternative. The greatest challenge, however, is to identify those of them, who are ready to take to implement new way of behavior.

Potential for learning or transfer

In the context of single-use plastics ban which is envisaged to happen within the coming year, it is crucial to offer an alternative of all those products which are essential part of many people's everyday life in the EU. The available options on the market are diverse - bio-plastic, metal, bamboo, paper, however, most of them only biodegrade when exposed to very high temperatures in proper recycling municipal facilities and if there is no implemented technology to treat them in a way different to regular plastic, they end up in landfills anyway (which is the case in Bulgaria).
Thus, the authorities in all EU regions have to be prepared to deal with the new kind of waste - alternative to plastics.
One of the most environmental-friendly solutions is stimulating the production of compostable items for everyday needs - products leaving nothing behind. This is what SLAMka offers - product made of (plant) waste but generating no waste.
Main institution
Югозападен, Bulgaria (България)
Start Date
August 2019
End Date


Rumyana  Grozeva Please login to contact the author.

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Rumyana Grozeva

Stara Zagora Regional Economic Development Agency (SZREDA)