Brandenburg police to classificate small landfills in a rural area, ruled by the “Guideline for closing measures of landfills with low risk potential”.
In Brandenburg exist more than 5,000 waste disposals whose operational phase ended in 1990 – 1992.All landfills were assigned to one of 4 classes A1, A2, B1, B2. For every class are remediation measures determined. If a risk assessment existed the classification could made in deviation of the classification system.

(1) kind of disposed waste
(2) area using
(3) drinking water protection area (dwpa)
(4) landfill volume
(5) used groundwater layer

(1) only household waste, commercial waste, construction waste without pollution, no
hazardous waste
(2) sensitive uses are not affected
(3) outside of dwpa or inside of area III/2
(4) < 25,000 m3
(5) protected or not protected

(1) and (2) like A1
(3) if outside of dwpa or inside of area III/2 then
(4) 25,000 m3 – 150,000 m3 and
(5) protected or not protected
(3) if inside of area III/1 or II then
(4) < 80,000 m3 and
(5) adequate protected

(1) only household waste, commercial waste, construction waste with low pollution,
hazardous waste with low pollution (e.g. asbestos)
(2) does not matter
(4) 80,000 m3/150,000 m3 – 500,000 m3
(3) and (5) like A2

(1) if household waste, commercial waste, construction waste with higher pollution,
hazardous waste
(2) does not matter
(4) if > 500,000 m3 or
(3) if inside of area III/1 or II and
(5) not protected

Resources needed

For the classification basic information about the landfill, which can be obtained from inspections, databases or maps, is sufficient.

Evidence of success

The practice is good because it shows a connection between the risk potential what is to await and the remediation measures. The financial efforts is in a good relationship with the evidence of the landfill.
It is not so important to follow the numbers exactly but the method to classify the landfills and to deviate measures for every class can be used in every region of the EU.The existance of a risk assessment can be helpful but is not necessary.

Potential for learning or transfer

On the territories of the EU member states exist about 500,000 landfills. Most of them are small and have a low risk potential. There are no guidelines or recommendations for remediating of those landfills.
All member states of the EU are facing the challenge of introducing a modern waste management system. This includes the construction and operation of landfills in accordance with the requirements of the eu landfill directive. These landfills can only be operated economically if small landfills not in line with the state of the art are closed.
When renovating these landfills, it is also important to adapt the used areas to the land-scape again.The described guideline is only an example. Every state or every region of the EU can develop similar guidelines in accordance with her own circumstances.

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Main institution
Brandenburg, Germany (Deutschland)
Start Date
March 1994
End Date


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