The unique cooperation between the public authorities, the owner and the operator of the golf course supports interim use as golf course in heath landscape.
The Ullerberg landfill site is on private land and was built in a former sand extraction site. De Ullerberg received waste from 1978 and closed in 2011.
Due to the location of the landfill in a valuable environmental landscape, requirements were set for the natural layout of the location, namely restoring the original forest.
With the wish to build a golf course at the closed landfill, a challenge arose with the intended layout as a forest. In close consultation between the owner, the operator of the golf course and the authorities (province and municipality), a plan has been drawn up in which the golf course fits into the forest and Heath landscape. Corridors are made to adjacent sites to stimulate the migration of animals. The original requirement to restore forest is converted into the creation of a heathland landscape.In addition to the integration of the golf course into the landscape monitoring - and gas extraction wells are given a place in the design. All the aftercare facilities are integrated in the design of the golf course. For the construction of the golf course extra soil is applied locally, the top layer has become thicker then required. The drainage for the golf course and the cover layer are combined in a number of places.
The yearly site maintenance is outsourced to the golf course. Monitoring of groundwater, leachate, drain system, landfill gas emission and every 15 year monitoring of the top layer is carried out by the province.

Resources needed

The construction of the golf course is financed from private resources. The height of the aftercare fund is calculated with RINAS, The fund is site specific on average several M€. Yearly monitoring range is k€ 30-50. Replacement top layer €40/m

Evidence of success

Through a joint approach and from a common interest successful collaboration is created. Success is determined by the mutual interest of parties. For example, a continuous good drainage of the top layer is important for maintaining the golf course and intensive maintenance on the golf course makes it possible to identify problems and damage to aftercare facilities at an early stage. Intensive use of the location means that supervision from the aftercare organisation is carried out effectively.

Difficulties encountered

For the operator of a golf course legislation around closed landfills is new. For the Province following the juridical rules for aftercare are leading. The challenge is finding arrangements which is satisfactory for all parties involved.

Potential for learning or transfer

Stimulating the shared use of a closed landfill creates more dynamics at the location. More people who look around, thus bottlenecks are identified at an early stage.
Shared use also creates shared “ownership”. Parties are more careful and there is more control over what "third parties" do.
To get there participants need to have an open mind and should not be afraid to make a commitment, even if it is not entirely clear how it will turn out.
Important is to arrange legal ownership. However do this with an open mind in such a way that what is needed to find a satisfactory solution for all parties is coffered.
This location has be given a new (interim) use and fits perfectly in the natural landscape, giving respect to all the different qualities the landscape demands, including protection and risk reduction from the landfill underneath.

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Main institution
Landgoed Ullerberg
Gelderland, Netherlands (Nederland)
Start Date
January 2011
End Date


Jan Frank Mars Please login to contact the author.

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