Regulatory framework for sharing mobility systems aimed at allowing companies to operate in a safe and stable manner while minimising their negative impacts.
Recently, Barcelona has attracted 15 sharing mobility companies whose spontaneous establishment in the city has led to the coexistence of different operation models of car-, moto- and bike-sharing. Lack of regulation has allowed them to operate freely within the city and to maximise their benefits by not offering a service throughout the whole city, but only in central areas or large mobility nodes.
For this reason, the City Council is developing a regulatory framework for sharing mobility services aimed at defining who can operate, how and under which rules. Otherwise, the positive impacts of sharing mobility could be minimised by heavy occupation of public space and overcrowding of parking lots in a city already suffering from high pressure on surface parking.
New regulation will establish a minimal coverage area and will introduce a tax per vehicle as a quota for occupation of public space, whereby sharing companies will be obliged to pay for three-plus-one-year licenses, which will be awarded through tender procedures.
Vehicles will have to meet municipal safety and sustainability criteria, as in the case of motorbikes, which must all be electric. As well, vehicles must mandatorily include anchoring and geolocalisation systems.
In order to make sharing compatible with private use, parking facilities in the busiest parts of the city will have places reserved for individual users. Besides, data on the usage of the system must be available in real time for public author
Evidence of success
• Reduction and renovation of current vehicle fleet for more efficient and less polluting vehicles
• Optimal management of surface and underground parking
• Reorganisation of public space
• Promotion of bicycle and electric vehicles
• Improvements in road safety
• Car-sharing implementation conflicts with surface parking regulation, which promotes vehicles rotation.
• Limited surface parking space limits the number of car-sharing companies which the city can absorb on surface.
• Need to provide charging infrastructure in parking spots to electric vehicles
Potential for learning or transfer
Sharing mobility is spreading around the world, especially in large cities, which, as massive mobility generating nodes, guarantee greater chances of economic success to sharing mobility companies. Cities should pave the way to the proliferation of sharing mobility as it helps combat pollution and provides a more sustainable, flexible and intermodal mobility.
However, beyond acting as mere facilitators, municipal authorities should exercise some control over private companies establishing in the city and occupying public space in order to avoid disservice to other means of transport. Hence, all cities aiming to improve sharing mobility conditions could develop a regulatory framework based on their own sustainable mobility vision.
Regulation is not a mean to limit and constrain the establishment of these companies, but a tool to harmonise conditions and requirements between different operation models which coexist within the urban territory and ensure equitable access to all citizen
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