To offer actors within the region consultancy support, arranged study visits that increased knowledge and interest, pairing suppliers with potential customers.
The aim of “Zerooil – with bio oil” was to create regional co-operation to deliver bio oil in such amounts that also small users can reach profitability. Secondly, the aim was to give advice to others concerning conversion from fossil heating oil to other alternatives and upgrade the inventory of the number of fossil heating oil boilers in the county.
Fossil fuels are typically taxed quite heavily, which means that a lot of fossil oil has already been replaced. In some specific cases however (e.g. bio oil for heating), the price for fossil and renewable fuels is quite similar despite fossil taxation. In these cases, public authorities can support projects where cooperation and other driving forces are necessary to reach conversion to renewables.
Main target group were district heating companies, industries and public property owners. Secondly others that use heating oil and fuel providers.
The development within this field is mostly driven by the taxes on fossil heating oil in Sweden. The taxes has increased during the last years, more for industries than for others, and that has in turn made it more interesting to find alternatives that also is more friendly for the climate.
The vision of Jämtland County is to be a region with no fossil fuels by 2030. That means that use of fossil heating oil has to be at a minimum. Bio oil is one alternative that can make that possible.
The budget for the project was approximately 42,000€. The project was financed by the Region Jämtland Härjedalen during 2015-2016.
Evidence of success
Our inventory shows that the number of oil boilers compared with the year of 2014 has decreased from 310 to 265 and smaller boilers have decreased from 449 to 292. The oil boilers that have disappeared have been replaced by a variety of options, most have installed heat pumps, but many have also switched to biofuels (e.g. wood pellets) and district heating.
In December 2016 bio oil was delivered to a site in Östersund. That was a good end point for the project
We could have come further concerning smaller boilers.
One challenge is the limited supply of sustainable alternatives to fuel oil for industries where liquid fuels are required. For example, a large proportion of the oil available on the market originates in the palm oil industry.
Potential for learning or transfer
The transferability is good. In this case, the purpose was to replace the oil in cases where other alternatives to heat source were not available. In the first place, other more sustainable alternatives should be investigated, such as district heating, heat pumps, passive house technology or other biofuels, such as biogas or wood pellets.
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