EMAS as a criterion of operator’s behaviour in the Methodology for the risk assessment of cross-border transfer waste activities in Andalusia.
The Regulation (CE) No. 1013/2006 of the European parliament and of the Council of 14th June 2006, on shipments of waste, establishes in its article 50 that the Member States will enhance Inspection Programmes have been established following an assessment of risks. In this sense, the Regional Government of Andalusia has developed a methodology for the risk assessment (taking into account the proposal provided by IMPEL and REDIA) based on systematic analysis of risks derived from waste transfer, enhancing the compliance of Regulation and establishing the minimum No. of required inspections.
This methodology is applied to all operators and waste streams involved in the cross-border transfer waste activities developed within the framework of the “Inspection Plan for Cross-border transfer waste in Andalusia” (PITTRA) where the minimum No. of inspections required is determined, considering that the environmental risk assessment associated with the cross-border waste transfer will be obtained according to the category of impact and the assessment of the operator's behaviour. Within the operator’s behaviour, EMAS is valued as long as the operator has had to maintain its EMAS registration in force during the last 2 annuities and the cross-border waste transfer activities must be included in the scope of your Environmental Management System.
It does not require a high effort to be adopted as it has references in European Regulation, so it should be only transferred into a national/regional level, if appropriate, considering the methodology proposed by IMPEL.
Evidence of success
The methodology was applied for the first time in 2017 and data demonstrated its success: 55 establishments were affected and 7 of them (13%) had a certified Environmental Management System (EMAS), so they benefited from the reduction of inspection frequency.
The results of the application of this methodology as well as the Annual Programme of Environmental Inspections for 2017 are available in the Resolution of General Directorate on Environmental Prevention and Quality for 2017.
The main difficulties encountered have been:
- No traceability between data of EMAS and Inspections Unit.
- Facilities affected in Andalusia whose EMAS register is managed by another region.
- Scopes of EMAS and cross-border transfer waste activities don’t coincide.
Potential for learning or transfer
It does not require a high legislative effort to be adopted as it has references in European Regulation on cross-border waste transfer, so it could be only transferred into a national or regional decree, if appropriate. In addition, it does not require high costs to adopted due to the fact it would enable high time savings for Regional Ministry on Environment. The frequency of inspections could be reduced, so less facilities would be inspected, therefore the staff needed to carry out the inspections could be reduced and the inspection authorities could assign resources to other inspection activities at non-registered organizations. Furthermore, lower inspections frequency could be translated into lower costs (administrative and economic) for EMAS-registered organisations.
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