Support for academic entrepreneurship by supporting R&D activity, stimulating technology transfer and the commercialization process.
One of the factors that affects the economic development of the region academic entrepreneurship. The results of this cooperation are spin-off companies (spin out and spin off type). The desirable effect is to commercialize scientific research, giving mutual benefits for both academics and scientific workers as well as business partners. Thanks to it, the economy gains a wider inflow of innovative solutions and new types of business are created. In spite of many advantages of academic entrepreneurship, there are still numerous barriers to the development of companies created by researchers.
In the Regional Operational Programme of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship for 2014-2020 financial resources are planned to support academic entrepreneurship. Competitions are conducted under 1.3.1 sub-measure: Support for research and development processes in academic enterprises and provide support for spin-off enterprises by:
- covering the costs of R&D work,
- covering the costs related to submitting a patent, utility model or industrial design in order to obtain protection, as well as patent analysis,
- creating or developing R&D facilities in spin-off enterprises, in particular the purchase of fixed assets and intangible assets.
The contribution of enterprise is at least 15% of the eligible costs for the project.
The beneficiaries of the support are spin-off enterprises from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The amount of funds allocated for co-financing projects under the competition from the European Regional Development Fund amounts to: 15 157 450,00 PLN (in 2018), 13 090 800,00 PLN (in 2016).
Evidence of success
In the call of proposals in 2016, 32 projects were submitted and 16 of them received funding. Half of these projects concern original research and implementation works, the rest of them concern purchasing of consultancy services, primarily in the field of business, law and building economic links.
- waiting time for call of proposals results is too long,
- formal requirements are too complicated,
- it is uncertain whether the funds for supporting academic entrepreneurship will be available after 2020 (in the next stage of programming)
Potential for learning or transfer
Lack of sufficient financial support for R&D in academic companies is a barrier faced by spin off/out companies not only in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian region. Hence, the transfer described in example of support above may be of interest for representatives from other regions/countries. The key factor guaranteeing the effective implementation of this practice is the financial security (they can come from various sources: EU funds, state funds) and their efficient distribution (clear access criteria, catalog of eligible costs, transparent project selection criteria). Before implementing this practice, it is worth to consult what kind of support the interested party expect (spin off/out companies).